School segregation between Black and white students has returned to 1968 levels, even as the nation grows more diverse. Black and white school segregation has deepened toward pre-Civil Rights Movement-era numbers despite decades of strides. This places Black students into school districts with fewer resources than white students — but in more diverse settings than in 1968, since the percentage of Latino and Asian American students has skyrocketed.
The resegregation of U.S. schools often doesn’t produce all-Black schools as the declining contact with whites has been replaced by growing contact with Latinos, an issue that has received little research. The share of Black classmates for Black students has been falling as the Mexican American and Central American student population grows. This has created majority-Black-Latino school systems with small white student populations like Boston Public Schools and Aldine Independent School District in Houston.